Gir National Park also famous as Gir Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Gujarat - a Western Indian State. Gir National Park was confirmed the Forest Reserve on September 18 in 1965 to conserve the very endangered Asiatic lion. In 1975, many part of Gir Wildlife Sanctuary was given the status of the national park. Because of the conservation works, the population of the mighty lion has gone surprisingly up from 177 in 1974 to a nice figure of 411 in cencus of 2010. Gir Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Junagadh District of Gujarat.
Gir National Park is the only habitant for the Asiatic lion which has been confined to this forest, since 1884. In 1985, about 239 lions were residing in Gir Park. The Asiatic lion is some what smaller to the lion of Africa. The good method to view the lion in the nature is during the dawn and dusk as the big cats are on the stalk in this time. Initially, the park was under the Nawad of Junagadh - a princely state during British Raj. Gir Forest is Gujarat's ecological gem.
Gir Wildlife Sanctuary has deciduous type of jungle as teak, her, also blaze of the forest, Jamun, a series of acacia primarily babul. Gir is a hilly region with many small rivers which offers the visitors extended lovely drives into the dense jungle wrap.
Asiatic Lion is no doubt the main attraction of the jungle. Leopard is the second most attractive wild animals normally seen in marauder of Gir National Park. Gir Park is quite famous as one of the jungles in India which has got the highest population of Leopard especially in the summer season, Leopards are viewed many times close to the resorts during the night.
Other major wildlife of the Gir are Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Spotted Deer, Four-Horned Antelope, Wild Boar, Chinkara Gazelle, Langur Monkey, Hyena, Jackal and various birds as Paradise Flycatcher, Crested Serpent Eagle, Bonneli's Eagle and Woodpeckers Flamingo etc.
Gir Sanctuary has many historical facts as well as myths. Gir Park is full of marvellous ancient temples such as Kankai Mata and Tulsishyam - a sacred destination, which has got a hot water spring. The national park is quite famous for its Maldharis – the cattle herder here are called Maldharis, their animals like buffaloes etc create significant part of the Lion's food. These traditional Madharis are very hospitable and the lifestyle of these people are changing slowly in recent time. The traditions and customs of Maldharis are very unique example of the coexistence of Asisatic Lion along with humanbeing.
The ideal method to view the wildlife in Gir Park is by taking the open top jeep safaris around the forest. The most famous drives in the national park are Sasan towards Baval Chowk as well as to Kankai, to Tulsishyam and Chodavdi and to Kamaleshwar dam.
There are 03 tremendous wildlife reserves very close to Gir are as follows Nalsarovar Lake & Sanctuary - quite known for its healthy population of different water birds, Little Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary– a home for quite endangered wild ass and the last is charming Flamingo Island.
Gujarat has got some finest wildlife sanctuaries those are not just the normal parks. Gir is the only place where Asiatic Lion live and in Gir there are more than 411 Asiatic lion accordingly to 2011 census. The sanctuary is located in the peninsula of Gujarat in South Western India and its territory is quite rocky having little low hills and the plants are full of varied deciduous along with sets of Acacia, Teak, Tendu, Jamun and Dhak plants mixed together with huge pieces of grasslands.
From 03 normal seasons as winter, summer and monsoon, the summer is always the longest in this region. In summer season, the normal maximum and minimum temperature is somewhat between 45ºC and 10ºC. The hottest period in the summer in Gir Forest are usually April and May. The monsoon months brings huge relief in the jungle from the scorching heat in the beginning of June till end of September. Since the park gets little monsoon the water is a vital issue. In summer, the waterholes are always required to be refilled by the tankers carrying the water by the forest officials from outside. Forest Department keep appriximately 350 of such waterholes.
Air: Diu airport is 112 KMS, Rajkot airport is 164 KMS
Train: Junagadh 42 KMS, Verawal 32 KMS
Road: Ahmedabad 390 KMS, Somnath 40 KMS, Jetpur 90 KMS, Gondal 123 KMS, Jamnagar 151 KMS, Porbandar 187 KMS, Dwarka 225 KMS