Manas National Park is located in the Himalayan foothills and some part of the park enlarges to Bhutan. It was a hunting reserve for the royal family of Cooch Bihar and King of Gauripur. The park was confirmed a wildlife sanctuary by Government of India in 1928. It was also declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. Manas Park is also a tiger reserve in 1973 under Project Tiger. It was given the national park status in 1990. The picturesque attractiveness and very exceptional prosperity of the wildlife unite with the park to provide one of the best rewarding experiences. It is named after River Manas which separates India from Bhutan.
Manas national park is unique combination of Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve along with a Biosphere Reserve. Manas National Park has a quite unique status as far as wildlife is concerned in the sub-continent for 02 major reasons: the park has a very longer traveling season and the national park is home of 22 endangered species out of 54 of the whole sub-continent. The species as the pigmy hog and hispid hare are only found at Manas. However, in Manas a wildlife lover may not see many wild animals easily in-comparison to Kaziranga as it doesn’t have much open spaces.
The Burma Monsoon Jungles of the national park is located on the boundaries linking the Indo-Malayan and Indo-Gangetic bio-geographical territory and is a division of the Valley of Brahmaputra Bio-geographic region. The major vegetation kinds of the park are: Sub-Himalayan Light Alluvial Semi-Evergreen jungles in the parts of north direction. East Himalayan assorted wet and dry deciduous jungles. Low Alluvial Savanna forest and Assam Valley Semi-Evergreen Alluvial plains - that wraps about 50% areas of the national park.
The park is the home of 55 mammal species, 380 bird species, 50 types of reptiles along with and 03 amphibian species. Among these wildlife, 21 species of mammals are the schedule I mammals of India and 31 are threatened one. The major animals of the park are Asian Elephants, Tiger, Indian Rhinos, Barasingha, Gaurs, Leopards, Asian Water Buffaloes, Asian golden cat, Golden Langur, Capped Langur, Assamese Macaques, Hoolock Gibbons, Slow Loris, Smooth-coated, Sloth Bears, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, Sambhar and Chital.
Manas is famous for the birdlife as well. It has got approximately 380 types of birds. It has the highest population of rare Bengal Florican. The other birds of the park are Giant Hornbills, Bulbuls, Jungle Fowls, Brahminy Ducks, Egrets, Kalij Pheasants, Pelicans, Serpent Eagles, Fishing Eagles, Falcons, Bee-Eaters, Scarlet Minivets, Magpie Robins, Grey Hornbills, Pied Hornbills, Mergansers, Ospreys, Harriers and Herons.
The ideal time to explore the park is from November to April.
Air: Guwahati airport is located 176 KMS away from the park.
Train: Barpeta Road station is 41 KMS from the Manas.
Road: Kaziranga 258 KMS, Barpeta Road 41 KMS, Guwahati 176 KMS