Project Tiger in India is a wildlife protection movement started in 1973 to guard the Royal Bengal Tigers. The project Tiger targets at tiger protection in particularly comprised tiger reserves of different areas throughout India. Project Tiger strives to uphold a feasible population of this protection, dependent species in their usual environment.
The first time project tiger was launched in 1973, at Jim Corbett National Park, Uttrakhand.
Currently, there are about 50 Project Tiger Reserves across India which covers a region more than 71,761 km² (as per 2016 stats).
Project Tiger in India has helped to boost the tiger population from 1,200 in 1970 to 3,500 in 1990.
But, in 2008 census conducted by Government of India exposed that the population of tiger had come down to 1,411, after that the Government of India has promised US $153 million as additional fund project tiger and made a Tiger Protection Force to fight with the poachers and also fund the rearrangement of approximately 200,000 people living in the village to reduce human-tiger contact.
There are 50 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tigers which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).
India is home to 70 percent of tigers in the world. In 2006, there were 1,411 tigers which increased to 1,706 in 2011 and 2,226 in 2014, 3890 in 2016, and now in the next tiger census 2018, the number will be around 5000 tigers in India. India has a suitable climate to live tiger.
Objectives Of Project Tiger:
- Ensures a viable population of tigers in India by conserving them.
- Limit the number of factors that result in the reduction of the population of tigers.
The tiger project in India is governed by the Indian government and Indian government create an individual department that is maintained by them.
So, Indian jungles are the good source of tigers and other wild animals. Indian Jungles are best suitable for the wildlife in India.
The Indian jungles are full of wild animals and wild birds that are useful for surrounding people. People keep the distance from wild animals. Many people pet the wild animals and birds also.