The Royal Bengal tiger is India’s national animal. Tiger is known as king of the jungle in India. Tigers also live in Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar or Burma. Royal Bengal Tiger is the biggest animal of the entire cat group. Tiger is also the biggest land living animal who depends completely on meat.
Origin of Tiger
The source of the entire cat family is from Siberia. From Siberia, they moved down towards south as the weather turned into colder. In Asia continent, India and Malaysia are 02 major nations where the world famous tigers reside. The Indian tigers or you may call the Royal Bengal tigers are one of the most elegant wild animals seen in Sunderbans National Park in West Bengal and also in Bangladesh.
Characteristics of Royal Bengal Tiger
The scientific name of Royal Bengal tiger is 'Panthera tigris' and is a well-known associate among cat family. The ruddy yellow coat along with black lines provides a wonderful look to the tiger. The ears of Royal Bengal tigers are of black color from the outside part and have a major white mark on their ears.
Habitat of Royal Bengal Tiger
The Indian tiger resides in open forests, evergreen jungles and also in mango grove marsh. The home of this beautiful Royal Bengal Tiger differs from the biggest estuarine Sunderbans delta, a biggest settlement of the Bengal Tiger to the semi desert territory of Ranthambhore National Park and from the glorious Himalayas to Bandipur National Park of South India or peninsular India.
Diet of Royal Bengal Tiger in India
The normal diet of the Royal Bengal/ India tiger is deer, antelopes, gaurs and wild boar. Occasionally, the tiger eats birds, turtles, lizards, fishes, frogs and crabs. The Indian tiger goes for hunting without any help and guides a lonely survival in its personal region. The tigers in India have nice swimming power however they almost not climb the trees.
Tiger is one of the highly endangered wild animals in the world. Growing urbanization, developmental actions along with poaching are the major reasons of fast decline of the tiger population in the world along with India. In the previous millennium as many as 03 sub-species of the well known tigers are vanished their survival whereas 05 extra tiger classes are now endangered. The highly endangered species of the tiger are Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris), Amur Tiger (Panthera tigris attaica), Chinese Tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis), Indonesian Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) along with Indo-Chinese Tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti).
In-order to save the tiger in India, the Project Tiger scheme was launched in 1973 and there are now many tiger reserves in India. However, due to the Project Tiger Scheme, India there is little increase in the tiger population but the same is not appropriate in-comparison to the efforts put in this direction. Few of the significant Project Tiger reserves of India include Corbett National Park, Kanha National Park, Ranthambhore National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, Sariska National Park, Sunderbans National Park, Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaziranga National Park, Namdapha National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Pench Tiger Reserve, Tadoba Tiger Reserve, Periyar Tiger Reserve and Bandipur National Park etc.