- Location:Ladakh, India
- Closest Access:Leh
- Major Wildlife of the park:Snow leopards, ibex, Shapu, wolf, livestock, red fox
- Best time to visit:May to October
- Total coverage area:600sq-KMS
Hemis National Park is a high elevation protected region established in 1981. Hemis high altitude national park is located in the eastern section of Ladakh a cold desert of India. Hemis National Park was created to conserve and protect the matchless flora and fauna of this region.
Details about Hemis National Park
Hemis National Park is a high-elevation protected region established in 1981. Hemis high altitude national park is located in the eastern section of Ladakh a cold desert of India.
Hemis National Park was created to conserve and protect the matchless flora and fauna of this region. Hemis is spread in the beautiful Markha Valley and Rumbak Valley of Ladakh.
The surrounding territory of Hemis National Park is stony and quite thin soil wrap offers a weak vegetative raise.
Arid alpine meadows are there in protected sites and the growth of its grass is comparatively fast in the summer months once the snow starts melting from the area.
There are numerous U-type valleys that are carved by the hostile events that happened in history.
Beautiful rivers of the region and streams have put down a deep sand deposit on their respective banks. The normal altitude of the Hemis National Park is more than 3,000 meters.
The climate in Hemis National Park
The climatic circumstances differ from sub-arctic to freezing. Rainfall in Hemis is quite low and the largeness of the overall yearly rain is in the type of snow.
In the winter season, the temperature goes down too far under the freezing end which tract gets quite intense snowfall. The snowfall stays on the soil for numerous months. The summer season here is very small and mild.
Flora of Hemis National Park
The flora of Hemis National Park is mostly an alpine jungle and thin high elevation desert plants. This includes plants and trees as Junipers, Poplar, Myricaria, Salix, Astragalus, Birch, Taraxacum, Ephedra, Leortopodium, and various thin grasslands.
Geography of Hemis National Park
The vital landscape of the Hemis High Altitude National Park is a hilly and rough high-elevation desert. The geography is huge and creates the visitor to lose their wisdom of distances quite simply. What appears 01 KMS far becomes a minimum of 10 KMS away.
There are elevated cliffs with enormous stony projections that are mixed together by straps of thin high-elevation vegetation.
Wild animals of Hemis National Park
Hemis high altitude national park is very famous for exceptional snow leopards and ibex. One can see the snow leopards very easily in the Shang Valley of Hemis National Park. Hemis is the only place in India having the Shapu – a local Ladakhi Urial.
Hemis Park also has a very healthy Bharal population, including wolf, livestock, Eurasian brown bear, argali – a great Tibetan sheep, red fox, mountain weasel, Himalayan marmot, Himalayan mouse hare, Chukar partridge, and Himalayan snow cock.
Birding in Hemis High Altitude National Park
Hemis National Park is a paradise for bird watchers in North India.
Hemis is an ideal destination to research the Trans Himalayan and Himalayan bird of qyuarr as the Himalayan griffon vulture, golden eagle, and Lammergeier vulture. The popular birds of Hemias are the Himalayan Snow cock, Robin Accentor, Great Grey Shrike, Brown Accentor, Tickell’s Leaf Warbler, the Red Mantled Rose Finch, the Black-Throated Thrush, Chukar, Snow finch, Spotted Flycatcher, Red Flanked Blue Tail, Red-billed Chough, Fork-tailed Swift, Great Nose Finch, and Fire-fronted Serin.
Access to Hemis National Park
Air: Leh airport is the nearest place and one can take a flight from Delhi, Jammu, and Srinagar.
Rail: Jammu is the closest railway station to Hemis
Road: There are two options to arrive in Ladakh, one from Manali via Keylong and Sarchu and the second is from Srinagar via Kargil.