Kaziranga National Park is a gem of North East India and is situated on the banks of marvellous Brahmaputra River. Kaziranga is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It is also a Project Tiger. This Indian National Park is quite vast and spread in an area of approximately 430 Sq. KMS. It has marsh land and big copses of elephant grass forming Kaziranga an ideal place for the very endangered Indian one-horned Rhinos. The huge open area builds the park easily reachable and the sighting of the wildlife quite reasonably enjoyable. The wildlife enthusiastic here can depart very early in the morning to view the wild animals while riding an elephant. In Kaziranga Tiger Reserve, a wildlife lover can see the groups of the Indian wild elephants marching. In the park, the rhinos look around the visitors indifferently. Since Kaziranga is easily accessible, therefore the park offers an ideal opportunity to track the major wild animals in the jungle from a very close angle, which make a trip to this world heritage site as one of the greatest wildlife experiences. Kaziranga is ideally located in the flood areas of Great Brahmaputra River. The Kabri Angling Mountain ranges climb in background of Kaziranga pushing the park alongside to mighty Brahmaputra, which is running as the northern boundary of the tiger reserve.
It is imagined that if the nature had not planned such a beautiful habitat, it would have been extremely difficult for the human being to create this type of treamendous national park with such natural varieties matched to a diverse wildlife. Kaziranga is the monopoly of highly endangered one horned Indian rhinoceros.
In Kaziranga, there are about 1000 rhinos. The wild elephant is also a great attraction of the park as they are usually spotted in the large numbers. The wild buffalo is an interesting animals of Kaziranga tiger reserve and their are about 600 in this jungle. The mouse deer, barking deer, the hog deer, Chinkara gazelle, leopards, bears, leopard cat, the gaur, wild boars are few more wild animals of the tiger reserve.
The birds here are characteristic of the north-eastern India Foothill. The finest parts of the birds in Kaziranga are the view of 100 of Pelicans breeding in the national park. The major birds spotted in the national park are Pallas fishing eagle, Crested Serpent eagle, swamp partridges, grey - headed fishing eagle, red jungle fowl, bar headed goose, Bengal florican, whistling teal, herons, egrets, open billed stork and black - necked stork.
The land of this Indian National Park is quite level in the whole area, which is mostly enclosed by very thick and high elephant grassland due to its flood plain ecology. A small pouch of hot deciduous and semi-evergreen jungles too happens in the region of this national park. The grasslands with dotted Silk cotton plants, Elephant Apple and Indian rosewood amongst others gives a characteristic savannah appear quite similar to the extensive wildernesses of North America and Africa. These attractive marshlands have a plentiful wrap of water hyacinth, water lilies and lotus. The flora which smashes the repetitiveness of the grasslands in Kaziranga and marshes are big bunches of semi-evergreen jungle.
The Kakochang waterfall is a beautiful destination to visit, which is only 13 KMS from Bokakhat. The ruins of the quite ancient Numaligarh are too worth visiting and near to the reserve. There are plenty of amazing tea gardens close to the national park at Hathkhuli, Difalu, Methoni and Behora Borchapori. The visitor may also view the coffee in addition to the rubber plantations.
Visit inside Kaziranga National Park
One can visit the park through Elephant or Jeep. During the elephant safari, the tourist can go in the interior of the park.
The climate of Kaziranga Tiger Reserve is Tropical. The summer season is hot and the winter is very cold. Whiling packing for the trip, don't forget to carry the light cotton clothes if you are traveling in summer and bring the woolen jacket in winter. The rainfall in the national park is about 160 CMS, however in monsoon period, Kaziranga receives quite huge downpours, which usually flood this area.
Best time to visit Kaziranga
The best season to travel the park is from first week of November till end of April.
Air: Guwahati airport is located 215 KMS from the park and Jorhat airport is 90 KMS.
Train: Furkating railhead is 75 KMS, Jorhat 80 KMS and Guwahati 215 KMS
Road: Manas 258 KMS, Jorhat 80 KMS, Tezpur 80 KMS, Dibrugarh 220 KMS